|Q-1. What role does GPCB play in environmental protection and pollution control ?|
|A. GPCB being the chief regulator for implementation of environmental protection and pollution control in the State, plays an important role in securing sustainable development by enforcing various laws, rules, regulations notifications etc. pertaining to prevention and control of pollution. It is also responsible for monitoring of pollution and for preventive and curative action. (mitigatory measures).|
|Q-2. Is GPCB's role merely that of a regulator? Or does it play a facilitator's role also ?|
|A. GPCB's primary role is that of a regulator. However, it goes beyond regulation in order to advise all stake-holders involved in environment management and pollution control for compliance of the laws to organize the systems necessary for securing this objective and also to sensitize the laws and their implications.|
|Q-3. How is GPCB connected to State Govt., CPCB and MoEF ?|
|A. GPCB is an autonomous statutory body. In certain administrative and technical matters, it is responsible to State Government, Central Pollution Control Board and Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt.of India. In critical matters, it is bound to go by the directions given by the State Government, CPCB or MoEF as the case may be.|
|Q-4. What are the environmental and pollution related clearances required to set up and start an industrial unit ?|
|A. Normally the GPCB's No Objection Certificate (and Consent under Water Act and Air Act would be required for setting up of an industrial unit. In regard to 32 specified industrial and infrastructure projects, environmental clearance of the MoEF, Govt.of India is also required. These industry specific details would be available from the information provided in this Website. For the industrial units, to be located on the coastal stretches of bays, estuaries, creeks, rivers and back waters, CRZ clearance also is required. |
|Q-5. Is GPCB's role confined to regulate industrial pollution only ?|
A. No. It is also concerned with municipal waste, bio-medical wastes, plastic issues, used acid lead batteries, hazardous chemicals and some other aspects related to pollution.
Q-6. What are the enforcement powers vesting in GPCB ?
A. The important enforcement powers vesting in GPCB are laying down standards and securing their compliance, inspection and monitoring of all sources of pollution, issuance of notices with time limit to comply with the legal requirements, closure of the defaulter unit in grave cases and prosecution in cases of serious violation.
Q-7. Can a citizen take recourse to court action against a polluting unit?
A. Yes. If for serious violation of law, no action is taken by the authority, a citizen can approach the court of law after giving 60 days notice to GPCB.
Q-8. Where does one complain against a polluting unit ?
A. Complaint about violator of pollution control laws can be brought to the notice of the Regional Office of GPCB, Head Office of GPCB at Gandhinagar or to the State Government.
There are certain matters in which the authority lies with the District Collector, Municipal Corporation Municipality, Local bodies, Police department and other authorities in terms of the laws they are implementing. In such cases, the right forum will be those authorities to deal with such matters.