Q-25. How important is the development of common facilities for waste treatment and disposal.
A. The setting up of common facilities like TSDF, CETP, FETP, CBWTF, pipelines etc. render it possible for units particularly for small unit to reduce the cost of treatment of waste because of economy of the scale in operation. Besides for every unit to set up all waste disposal requirements individually may not be possible due to shortage of land. This problem also can be resolved through common facilities.
Q-26. What are the important common waste treatment facilities in Gujarat?
A. The common facilities in the State are CETPs (for effluent treatment), FETP, TSDF (for Hazardous Waste Disposal), Common incineration for incinerating certain kinds of waste, Common Bio-Medical Waste Treatment Facilities and Effluent Conveyance pipelines for transporting treated effluent to safer disposal points.
Q-27. How can one make use of common waste treatment facility in the State?
A. For making use of common facilities permission of the Gujarat Pollution Control Board as well as agreement of operator of the common facilities would be necessary.
Q-28. Vapi and Ankleshwar are identified as "Critically Polluted Spots". What is being done to mitigate this situation ?
A. Vapi and Ankleshwar were identified as critically polluted spots many years ago, when the arrangement for pollution control were not adequate in these places. A variety of facilities for effective control of pollution on individual basis and collective basis have been set up with the technical guidance of reputed institutions like NEERI, NIO, NPC etc. For example, there are CETPs, Common Treatment and Disposal facilities for hazardous waste. Pipeline for conveying treated effluent and incinerators to satisfactorily deal with polluting streams. Some of the facilities set up in these locations are unique and nationally recognized as state of the art facilities. The pollution problems of both these spots are continuously monitored and critically evaluated from time to time and these spots have brought about a qualitative improvement in the situation. GPCB has been playing regulatory and enabling role in this paradigm shift.
Q-29. What is GPCB doing to correct the situation of Golden Corridor ?
A. GPCB has taken up many corrective measures like river monitoring, identification and monitoring of polluted stretches of streams, intensive monitoring by Vigilance Squad as well as strict monitoring of individual industry by surprise monitoring. GPCB has laid down stringent norms for discharges into Amla Khadi, setting up of common facilities like CETPs, STPs by Municipal Corporations, TSDF, common Bio-medical waste treatment facilities, common incinerators for HW and toxic effluent and common conveying pipeline for treated effluent to safe disposal point. GPCB has directed individual industry to upgrade its treatment facilities to meet with GPCB norms and initiated action against the defaulters as and when found necessary. GPCB has prepared Air Action Plans for control of Air Pollution in Ahmedabad, Baroda, Surat, Gandhinagar, Ankleshwar & Vapi area and started implementation. GPCB has also identified illegal dumping sites and get the wastes shifted to the TSDFs and started the remedification of such sites through concerned Industrial Association and operator of TSDF.
Q-30. What exactly is meant by monitoring of the industrial unit ?
A. Monitoring of the industrial unit means sending out the monitoring teams comprised of skilled technical & scientific officers to verify the compliance of conditions imposed in formerly NOC and now referred as Consent to Establish, Consent, Authorization etc. Monitoring includes performance evaluation of Environment Management System (EMS) in respect of Board's notices/directives and checking the compliance of Environmental Clearance conditions and that no violation of law takes place.