|The Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000|
|The MSW (M & H) Rules 2000 came into force from 25.9.2000. It is obligatory on the part of all the municipal authorities to arrange for collection, segregation, transportation and suitable disposal of municipal wastes of the municipal towns/cities. They need to obtain authorisation of the GPCB for the compliance of these Rules. Under these rules all municipal authorities responsible for collection, segregation, storage, transportation, processing & disposal of municipal solid wastes are covered.|
The municipal authority or an operator of a facility needs to make an application in Form-I, for grant of authorization for setting up of waste processing and disposal facility including landfills, to the state Board.
As of now, there are 159 Nagarpalika, 7 Municipal Corporations, 5 Notified Areas and 1 Urban Development Authority in the State of Gujarat are identified by this Board. So far as responsible authority to comply with the MSW Rules-2000.
The Board had granted authorisation with validity of five years to 152 local bodies which expired on 31-12-2008. In this year 43 local bodies have applied for the authorisation under MSW Rules-2000. Scrutinising the applications, Board has granted authorisation to 29 ULBs, refused to 14 ULBs. The Board continuously monitors the progress and action initiated by local bodies. But response from Urban Local Bodies are poor. The Board also took up the issue with the District Collectors and The Director of Municipalities to expedite all urban bodies in implementing these rules.
The concept of common secured landfills is adopted in the State for treatment and disposal of the Municipal Solid Waste generated in the towns and cities. The Government of Gujarat has constituted a Nodal Agency, Gujarat Urban Development Company Ltd for development of infrastructure for treatment, transportation and disposal. With detailed study of the each and every municipalities, it is ultimately arrived on to provide treatment facilities(i.e. vermi- composting) at the town level and to develop the regional landfill site for the cluster of municipalities in @ 50km radius and connected with road network. GUDL has initiated the preparation of operational plan for the implementation of MSW. It is proposed to construct one common landfill site between seven or more towns. The land identified located at fairly equal distance from these towns. The GUDL has divided area of Gujarat in to four different regions and identified 24 clusters for Regional Landfill site for different local bodies located in Gujarat. In addition 7 Municipal Corporations are developing their individual landfill sites, Among them Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara has commissioned the landfills, Rajkot Municipal Corporation is developing the landfill, Jamnagar, Bhavnagar and Junagadh are in process to prepare DPR. It is also emphasised by the Board to allow nearby towns, municipalities to dispose their non compostable municipal waste at the landfills of Municipal Corporation. Details are as follows: